Three-dimensional transfer function of coherent confocal microscopes with extended source and detector

We consider the effect of the finite size of the source and of the detector on the three-dimensional transfer function of an incident light coherent confocal scanning microscope. Up to now the source has always been modeled as being punctiform. We will show that a finite source alters the 3D resolution and hence the imaging properties of such a microscope much more than a finite detector of the same size. It is also the aim of this paper to determine the greatest size of the source and the detector which still preserves the 3D resolution attained with a confocal microscope.

Three-dimensional transfer function of coherent confocal microscopes with extended source and detector“, Valter DRAZIC, Journal of Modern Optics, 1992, vol. 39, No. 8, 1777-1790.

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Dependence of two- and three-dimensional optical transfer functions on pinhole radius in a coherent confocal microscope

Previous papers about coherent scanning optical microscopes took into account two types of microscope: those with a point detector called type-II or confocal microscopes and those with an infinitely large area detector called type-I or conventional microscopes. Here the pinhole size of a type-II microscope was permitted to vary, and it is shown how the size could affect the imaging properties of a real microscope. The three-dimensional optical transfer function is established, and we discuss in particular the resolution capabilities, lateral as well as longitudinal, of a scanning microscope with a given pinhole size or detector area. Finally, a rigorous confocality criterion, which will answer the question of how small the pinhole should be made to give confocal imaging properties to a scanning microscope, is given.

Dependence of two- and three-dimensional optical transfer functions on pinhole radius in a coherent confocal microscope“, Valter DRAZIC, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 9, No 5, May 1992, 725-731

Dependence of two- and three-dimensional optical transfer functions on pinhole radius in a coherent confocal microscope – comments“, C. J. R. Sheppard, Min Gu, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 10, No 3, March 1993, 533-534

Dependence of two- and three-dimensional optical transfer functions on pinhole radius in a coherent confocal microscope – reply to comments“, Valter DRAZIC, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 10, No 3, March 1993, 535-537

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